What is cancer mistletoe lectin?
- cancer mistletoe lectin
Mistletoe is a semiparasitic plant that grows on some types of trees. Mistletoe extracts are being studied as treatments for cancer. Lectin is a complex molecule that has both protein and sugars. Lectins are able to bind to the outside of a cell and cause biochemical changes in it. Lectins are made by both animals and plants. Cancer is a term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. There are several main types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow, and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord. Also called malignancy. Mistletoe lectin is a substance that comes from the mistletoe plant and that is being studied as a treatment for cancer. A lectin is a complex molecule that has both protein and sugars. Lectins are able to bind to the outside of a cell and cause biochemical changes in it. Lectins are made by both animals and plants.
- Evidently, blood and tissue eosinophilia, mistletoe lectin antibodies and quality of life in a breast cancer patient undergoing intratumoral and subcutaneous mistletoe therapy] Tissue is a group or layer of cells that work together to perform a specific function. Subcutaneous, beneath the skin. Eosinophilia is a condition in which the number of eosinophils (a type of white blood cell) in the blood is greatly increased. Eosinophilia is often a response to infection or allergens (substances that cause an allergic response). Blood is a tissue with red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and other substances suspended in fluid called plasma. Blood takes oxygen and nutrients to the tissues, and carries away wastes. Breast, glandular organ located on the chest. The breast is made up of connective tissue, fat, and breast tissue that contains the glands that can make milk. Also called mammary gland. Breast cancer, cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk). It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare. Intratumoral, within a tumor. Quality of life is the overall enjoyment of life. Many clinical trials assess the effects of cancer and its treatment on the quality of life. These studies measure aspects of an individual`s sense of well-being and ability to carry out various activities. Therapy, treatment.
- Apparently, three different lectins have been identified as putative active principles in aqueous mistletoe extracts. Mistletoe lectin (ML)-1 binds specifically galactoside structures (Luther et al., 1980; Franz et al., 1981; Olsnes et al., 1982) and consists of two A-chains and two B-chains linked by a disulfide bond. Aqueous, having to do with water. Ml is a measure of volume in the metric system. One thousand mls equal one liter. Also called cc, cubic centimeter, and milliliter.
- One can view, mistletoe lectins were also described as inductors of apoptosis. In the presence of ML-1, human mononuclear cells and different cell lines (Janssen et al., 1993; Bssing et al., 1996; Mckel et al., 1997) undergo apoptosis and show typical apoptotic alterations, such as cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation, and DNA laddering. Apoptosis is a type of cell death in which a series of molecular steps in a cell lead to its death. This is one method the body uses to get rid of unneeded or abnormal cells. The process of apoptosis may be blocked in cancer cells. Also called programmed cell death.
NEW: Try our Cancer Expert Fact Search, and get direct access to our Knowledge Base (KB).
Disclaimer: On occasion, search results will contain fragmented, and erroneous (misspelled, incorrect grammar and malformatted) text. It is not possible, for our Bots to automatically correct these, afterall they represent the corpus created by individuals and/or other Bots and who have placed it on the Internet. Keep in mind, Cancer Expert Search is a search engine, and we are required to return search results as closely resembling their original format, when they were discovered by our Bots (including all errors).